Rose hips are one of the highest plant sources of vitamin C. Rose hips from the “dog rose” species (Rosa canina) were made into a syrup to prevent scurvy during World War II, and appeared in medical and scholarly texts in Tibet, Persia, and Mediterranean cultures for centuries before that.
Based on a nutritional profile2 of the fruit from theU.S. Department of Agriculture, a teaspoon of rose hips has more than 11 milligrams of vitamin C, and two heaping tablespoons will get you to the recommended dietary allowance for women: 75 mg.
Research suggests that the variety3 of vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals in whole-food vitamin C sources are important for balanced absorption and integration in the body. In addition to vitamin C, rose hips contain vitamins A, B-3 (niacin), and E, and minerals including copper, magnesium, and zinc.
Finally, the flavonoids in rose hips have anti-inflammatory properties that support a healthy gut microbiome4 and help protect the gastrointestinal tract from irritation caused by everyday encounters with synthetic chemicals.